He showed his special care for the poor when, in , he was instrumental in the founding of St. Johannes Nepomuk hospital, which played a major role in Vienna. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 26, ; with an apostolic brief of December 23, , the pope sent him the red biretta; the emperor imposed the biretta on the new cardinal on April 4, , in the church of the Augustinians. To cover the expenses associated with the cardinalate, the emperor gave him in the abbey of St.
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In the archdiocese of Vienna received about eighty parishes that until then had belonged to the diocese of Passau, which were in the district of the Vienna woods. In connection with the expansion of the archdiocesan territory, the cardinal obtained the establishment of a permanent auxiliary bishop. The cardinal tried to become familiar with the new parishes and to quickly visit them. In a lengthy trial, he reached in the elimination of the exemption of the chapter. As compensation, in , he gave the canons of the chapters the right to the use of pontificalia.
Received the red hat and the title of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro, August 14, Member of the commission to examine the complaints of the Protestants in Hungary, To promote the devotion to the Eucharist, he established the hour prayer; ordered that the priests of the archdiocese accompany the Blessed Sacrament in processions with torches. In , Cardinal KoIlonitsch also ordered that in memory of the suffering of Christ, the bell rang on Thursday evening and Friday morning.
The veneration of St. John of Nepomuk was strongly promoted; and the cardinal also created a new diocesan ritual.
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He presented a counter-reformation program on the basis of religion-related provisions of the Peace of Westphalia. This move, although unsuccessful, brought about various improvements. In the lands of the missions was appointed a chaplain in Vienna itself with the concern for the converts. The cardinal also built the Konvertitenkassa. Protector of Germany, ; he held the position until his death. The Freemasons vehemently opposed Cardinal KoIlonitsch. On a proposal from the cardinal, the Jews of Vienna were grouped together, in a ghetto. Opted for the title of S.
Crisogono, August 29, In , he was entrusted with representing the interests of the House of Hapsburg. Also in , he forbade the introduction of new statues and their unusual clothing. Cardinal Kollonitsch had the confidence of the imperial court and during the reforms implemented by Empress Maria Theresa, he assisted in that he forbade the preachers from criticizing the actions of the monarch.
In purely spiritual matters, however, he defended himself against intervention by the government. He took a number of initiatives to improve education and discipline of the clergy and to intensify the pastoral care, including regular visitations. In , the cardinal established the dignity of canon schoolmaster in the cathedral chapter; and in , following the directives of the Council of Trent, that of canon theologian. For the cure at the metropolitan cathedral of Sankt Stefan, the statutes that he had issued in were enhanced significantly in ; he saw the establishment of the vita communis also for the secular clergy.
Because of the great increase in population of Vienna, the cardinal had to augment the number of parishes and chapels, as well as vicariates. He promoted the establishment of the Piarists, the Salesian Sisters and the Franciscans throughout the archdiocese.
At the same time, the cardinal protected the secular clergy against the interference of the religious clergy in their pastoral rights. In , he had to accept a reprimand for failure to comply with the Placetum regium. He had a diocesan catechism printed; and ordered that on Sundays and public holidays the Gospel should be read in the local language; at the cathedral, after the Sunday sermon, an additional rosary was introduced.
In , the cardinal established that all school teachers had to pass a test on religion before taking their positions. The cardinal was director and president of the Hofalmosenkassa until On September 8, , the cardinal asked Benedict XIV to name Canon Johannes Joseph von Trautson of Passau his coadjutor with the right of succession; the pope elected the canon bishop on December 7, ; and the cardinal personally consecrated him titular archbishop of Cartago in the midnight mass of Veit, Oberlaa and other village churches; he also built the archbishop's palace and renovated the palace in St.
In the administration of temporalities, he showed great talent and diligence, so that the archdiocese was well-ordered and in a solid financial state at his death. April 12, , early in the morning, Vienna.
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Exposed and buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Vienna. In his testament, he ordered that the family possession should fall after the extinction of the male line of the counts of Kollonitsch to the archdiocese of Vienna; in this way, the archdiocese in came into possession of the possessions of Kollonitsch-Obersiebenbrunn and Jedenspeigen; in addition, the late cardinal he left as beneficiaries the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Vienna, the catechetical mission of the Jesuits in Parham, and the poor.
Francesca Romana, February 22, July 23, , at a. Ksiaze niezlomny : kardynal Adam Stefan Sapieha. Adam Stefan ksiaze Sapieha - kardynal, metropolita krakowski. Kardynal Adam Stefan Sapieha.
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Adam Stefan Kardynal Sapieha. Lublin : Wydawn. Ludzie niezwykli; Biblioteka im. O Akcji katolickiej. Adam Sapieha. Pierwsze lata poslugi ksiecia-biskupa Adama Stefana Sapiehy w diecezji krakowskiej. Biskup Sapieha w zupelnej zgodzie z prawem i co z tego za wniosek.
Archidiecezja Krakowska za pasterzowania Adama Stefana Sapiehy : praca zbiorowa. Ksiega Sapiezynska; t.
Ksiega Sapiezynska : praca zbiorowa. Teologiczne, Contents: t. Archidiecezja krakowska za pasterzowania Adama Stefana Sapiehy -- t. Hetnal, in The Polish Review , Vol. From a family of coal miners. Son of Thomas Mooney and Sarah Heneghan. Ordained, April 10, , Rome. Apostolic delegate in Japan, March 30, Transferred to the diocese of Rochester, with title of archbishop ad personam , August 28, Transferred to the metropolitan see of Detroit, May 26, During and after the Second World War, he founded and directed the War Relief Service that supplied thousands of tons of humanitarian supplies.
Susanna, February 22, October 25, , suddenly, of a heart attack, in his room at the Pontifical North American College in Rome, less than three hours before the beginning of the conclave. He was laid out in state in the chapel of the college, from where after the celebration of a mass, his body was flown to Detroit. Exposed at the cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament, where some , people paid their respects. A solemn high requiem mass was celebrated at the cathedral. As the conclave was in progress, no cardinals were in attendance. He was originally buried at St.
John's Major Seminary in the chapel of St.
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Susanna in the seminary's crypt, which he had built at his own expense in In , when the seminary was closed, his remains were transferred to Holy Sepulchre Catholic Cemetery, Southfield, archdiocese of Detroit 1. Wagner, , pp. His arms , Araldica Vaticana. February 24, , Mauriac, diocese of Saint-Flour, France. Son of M.
He was the fourth of five children of a family of the rural bourgeoisie of his native city. His father died when he was twelve years old. He had two uncles who were priests and two aunts who were religious. His maternal uncle, Father Jules Monteil, took charge of his education.
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Then, he entered the Seminary of Issy-les-Moulineaux, Paris.